Anesthesiology Journal and Other Scientific Press Releases

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Wednesday, April 09, 2014

For frail, high-risk seniors, surgery decisions should be patient-centered, team-based and physician-led

Surgery for frail, senior citizen patients can be risky. A new patient-centered, team-based approach to deciding whether these high-risk patients will benefit from surgery is championed in an April 10 Perspective of the New England Journal of Medicine. The Perspective suggests that the decision to have surgery must balance the advantages and disadvantages of surgical and non-surgical treatment as well as the patient’s values and goals in a team-based setting that includes the patient, his or her family, the surgeon, the primary care physician and the physician anesthesiologist.

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Tuesday, March 18, 2014

Ultrasound can identify pregnant women at risk for respiratory failure, research shows

An ultrasound of the lungs could help doctors quickly determine if a pregnant woman with preeclampsia is at risk for respiratory failure, suggests preliminary research published in the April issue of Anesthesiology.

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Tuesday, March 18, 2014

Rats’ brains may “remember” odor experienced while under general anesthesia, study suggests

Rats’ brains may remember odors they were exposed to while deeply anesthetized, suggests research in rats published in the April issue of Anesthesiology.

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Tuesday, March 18, 2014

Cardiac arrest in pregnant women more common than you’d think

Although cardiac arrest during childbirth is rare, it may be two times more common than previously reported in the literature, suggests the first large U.S. study on the potentially deadly condition published in the April issue of AnesthesiologyThe study, based on data for more than 56 million births, also found that cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was often successful, and that the survival rate improved between 1998 and 2011.

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Tuesday, February 18, 2014

85 Percent of Heart Attacks and Injuries After Surgery Go Undetected Due to Lack of Symptoms

Without administering a simple blood test in the first few days after surgery, 85 percent of the heart attacks or injuries patients suffer could be missed, according to a study in the March issue of Anesthesiology. Globally, more than 8 million adults have heart attacks or injuries after surgery every year, and 10 percent of those patients die within 30 days.

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Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Chance of falling after knee replacement does not increase with regional anesthesia

Two types of regional anesthesia do not make patients more prone to falls in the first days after having knee replacement surgery as some have previously suggested, suggests a study based on nearly 200,000 patient records in the March issue of Anesthesiology.

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Friday, January 24, 2014

System Leads to 47 Percent More 'On-Time' Surgeries, Study Says

Implementing a system to ensure the surgical team uses the most effective practices resulted in significant improvements in operating room (O.R.) performance, suggests research being presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists PRACTICE MANAGEMENT 2014.

The study and other research presented at the meeting reflect trends and substantial efforts being made in anesthesiology departments across the country to improve practice performance and patient care.

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Friday, January 24, 2014

Patient Participation in Surgical Safety Checklist a Win-Win

Patients feel safer – and likely are safer – when they receive a surgical safety checklist and request that their health care providers use it, suggests a pilot study being presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists PRACTICE MANAGEMENT 2014.

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Tuesday, December 17, 2013

Research reveals doctors in training want real-time feedback

Anesthesiology residents want frequent feedback on their clinical performance, as well as evaluations of their performance compared to their fellow residents as a whole, according to a study in the January issue of Anesthesiology. The study conducted by faculty in the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine demonstrates how an automated case evaluation tool can fulfill some of the new assessment requirements in the Milestones system of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), which begins in July 2014 for all anesthesiology residencies.

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Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Brain imaging reveals dynamic changes caused by pain medicines

 A study in the December issue of Anesthesiology suggests a role for brain imaging in the assessment and potential treatment of chronic pain.

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Friday, October 25, 2013

Epigenetics: A key to controlling acute and chronic pain, study says

Epigenetics, the study of changes in gene expression through mechanisms outside of the DNA structure, has been found to control a key pain receptor related to surgical incision pain, according to a study in the November issue of Anesthesiology. This study reveals new information about pain regulation in the spinal cord.

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Wednesday, October 23, 2013

Man’s best friends’ chronic pain relieved with new treatment, study finds

A single injection eased severe, chronic pain caused by late-stage bone cancer in dogs, according to a study in the November issue of Anesthesiology. Dogs with bone cancer that received a neurotoxin injection had significantly more pain relief than those that got standard care without the injection.

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Tuesday, October 15, 2013

Anesthesia technique may reduce breast cancer recurrence and death

Breast cancer patients who received the combination of a nerve block with general anesthesia for their breast cancer surgery had less cancer recurrence and were three times less likely to die than those who received only general anesthesia, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ annual meeting. Additionally, patients who received the nerve block needed less opioid pain relief from drugs such as fentanyl and oxycodone.

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Tuesday, October 15, 2013

Recovery room complications decreased by nearly 60 percent, occur in less healthy patients

Complications in the recovery room decreased by 58 percent between 1990 and 2010, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting. In a previous study completed in the late 1980s, recovery room complications occurred in 23.7 percent of the patients. Today, the complication rate is 9.9 percent. The study also found that less-healthy patients are more prone to recovery room complications.


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Tuesday, October 15, 2013

On-time operating room starts can be improved, increasing patient/staff satisfaction and cost savings

Late starts to the first surgical case of the day can be improved, according to two studies presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting. Improving efficiency potentially reduces costs, increases patient and staff satisfaction, and increases the number of cases that can be performed daily.


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Tuesday, October 15, 2013

Simple blood test can diagnose lung and other cancers, study finds

Early-stage lung and prostate cancers as well as their recurrence can be detected with a simple blood test, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2013™ annual meeting. Serum-free fatty acids and their metabolites may be used as screening biomarkers to help diagnose early stages of cancer, as well as identify the probability of recovery and recurrence after tumor removal, researchers found.

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Monday, October 14, 2013

Postoperative delirium more likely in elderly patients who have diabetes, undergo longer surgeries or respond poorly to stress, study shows

Elderly surgical patients are more likely to suffer from debilitating post-operative delirium if they have diabetes, undergo longer surgery or respond poorly to stress, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting. 


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Monday, October 14, 2013

Soldiers with certain gene variations more likely to develop chronic pain after amputation

Researchers have identified hundreds of variants in a patient’s DNA sequence or genetic code that predict which military service members are more likely to develop persistent, chronic pain after amputation, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting. 


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Sunday, October 13, 2013

New drug regimen reduces post-op nausea and vomiting by 80 percent in bariatric surgery patients

Ninety-seven percent of bariatric surgery patients avoided post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) with the addition of a second drug to the standard treatment given during surgery, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting.

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Sunday, October 13, 2013

People born with certain gene more likely to suffer long-term cognitive decline after heart surgery

Long-term memory loss, difficulty understanding verbal or written communication or impaired ability to pay attention may still occur five years after heart surgery if a patient has a certain gene variation, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting. This gene was found to be related to a decline in cognitive capabilities compared to those who do not have the variation.

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Sunday, October 13, 2013

Study identifies which bipolar patients will respond to Ketamine therapy for depression, pain

Researchers have discovered how to determine which bipolar patients will benefit from Ketamine, a treatment commonly used for depression and pain relief, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting.

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Sunday, October 13, 2013

Fibromyalgia sufferers get significant pain relief from IV lidocaine

Patients with fibromyalgia resistant to more routine therapies have a new pain relief treatment available, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting. Intravenous (IV) lidocaine infusion provided significant pain relief to fibromyalgia patients, although the pain relief was much less for African-Americans and smokers.


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Sunday, October 13, 2013

Decontaminating the sanitizer dispenser, giving health care workers their own hand gel reduces operating room contamination significantly

Simple remedies – from keeping the antibacterial gel dispenser clean to giving health care workers their own hand sanitizer – can help keep patients safe by decreasing contamination in operating and recovery rooms, suggest two studies presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting.


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Sunday, October 13, 2013

Peripheral nerve stimulation: promising long-term treatment for chronic headache sufferers

For the more than 45 million Americans who suffer from chronic headaches, relief may be on the way in the form of an electric pulse, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting. Electric stimulation of the peripheral nerve reduced average headache intensity by more than 70 percent.


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Sunday, October 13, 2013

Persistent pain following cardiac surgery can be predicted and reduced

The incidence of chronic pain following cardiac surgery can be reduced in patients when the drug pregabalin is used before surgery and for 14 days post-surgery, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting. The study also found that patients at risk of developing long-term post-operative persistent pain can be predicted by conducting pain sensitivity tests at the time of surgery.


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Saturday, October 12, 2013

Chronic pain treatment cools hot flashes in menopausal women

Menopausal women suffer from half as many hot flashes after receiving a  non-hormonal chronic pain treatment, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting. The nerve block treatment interrupts the area of the brain that regulates body temperature, reducing moderate-to-severe hot flashes and alleviating depression in menopausal women, breast cancer patients and women in surgical menopause.

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Saturday, October 12, 2013

Women in labor can ditch the ice chips and drink a protein shake instead

Women in labor can enjoy a chocolate or vanilla protein shake during labor rather than being relegated to the tedium of ice chips, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting. Mothers who drank a protein drink during childbirth reported higher satisfaction rates, although nausea and vomiting rates were the same as for mothers who were only given ice chips.


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Saturday, October 12, 2013

When Millennial med students’ iPad® use for instruction goes up, personal use goes down

With the entry of “Millenials” into medical residency programs across the country, institutions have started to examine ways to improve programs to correspond with that generation’s learning behaviors and preferences. A study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting found that Millennial residents use their iPad® to enhance their educational experience. Surprisingly, as residents increased use of their iPad® for educational purposes, their personal iPad® use decreased significantly.

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Saturday, October 12, 2013

Kids having tonsils removed get better pain relief with IV acetaminophen

Using intravenous (IV) acetaminophen with narcotics provides more effective pain relief to children having tonsillectomies, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2013 annual meeting. Additionally, the combination therapy saves costs due to reduced use of narcotics after surgery, reduced side effects and slightly quicker hospital discharge than in patients who receive narcotics alone.


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Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Study finds that identification and treatment of unrecognized obstructive sleep apnea before surgery improves outcomes

An estimated 80 percent of patients who have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) go undiagnosed, including Deanna G. McNeil, a 72-year-old nurse from Toronto.

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Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Study looks for ‘best’ risk stratification tool so patients make the most informed surgical decision

Having the right tool to estimate surgical risk in patients at high risk for complications and death during and after surgery is crucially important, according to a study in the October issue of Anesthesiology.

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Wednesday, August 21, 2013

Study finds use of labor-augmenting drug for extended time may contribute to reduced effect in controlling postpartum bleeding

With the number of maternal deaths on the rise in the United States, researchers found that a drug frequently used to augment or induce labor may contribute to postpartum bleeding, a study in the September issue of Anesthesiology notes.

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Wednesday, August 21, 2013

Study challenges assumption that uterine blood returns to mother’s circulation after delivery by cesarean section

In an examination comparing the effects of two drugs on blood pressure, pulse, heart rate and cardiac output in women having elective delivery by cesarean section, an old assumption that uterine blood is redistributed into the maternal circulation after delivery was challenged, according to a study in the September issue of Anesthesiology.

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Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Higher-frequency electrical stimulation of the spinal cord relieves pain faster by potentially utilizing different mechanisms

An animal study in the August issue of Anesthesiology suggests that higher-frequency electric current stimulation of the spinal cord reduced pain quicker and better reached nerves not affected by traditionally used frequencies.

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Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Optimal patient satisfaction tools revealed for physician anesthesiologists to ensure quality of care, study says

Using the right tool to measure patient satisfaction can guide improved health care quality, according to a study in the August issue of Anesthesiology.

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Wednesday, June 19, 2013

Perioperative cardiac events after receiving laughing gas are not hereditary

A clinical trial published in the July issue of Anesthesiology may shed some light on whether nitrous oxide (“laughing gas”) causes an increased risk for cardiac events, including heart attacks after surgery, particularly among high-risk patients. 

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Wednesday, June 19, 2013

Anesthetic choice does not affect duration of hospitalization

The use of a less-expensive, longer-acting anesthetic (isoflurane) resulted in no difference in duration of hospitalization compared to the use of a more expensive, shorter-acting anesthetic (desflurane or sevoflurane), according to a study from the July issue of Anesthesiology.

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Wednesday, May 22, 2013

Data from anesthesia information management systems help reduce costs and improve patient safety

Data from new electronic anesthesia information management systems (AIMS) can be used to assess surgical procedure- and institution-specific blood requirements, according to a study from the June issue of Anesthesiology.

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Wednesday, May 22, 2013

Common brain processes of anesthetic-induced unconsciousness identified

A study from the June issue of Anesthesiology found feedback from the front region of the brain is a crucial building block for consciousness and that its disruption is associated with unconsciousness when the anesthetics ketamine, propofol or sevoflurane are administered.

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Wednesday, May 22, 2013

Study reveals important genetic factors that could influence survival in sepsis patients

A study published in the June issue of Anesthesiology represents an important first step in establishing new therapeutic options targeting specific genetic areas that influence the occurrence and severity of sepsis – a life-threatening, whole-body response to infection.

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Wednesday, May 01, 2013

Study Finds Survival from Cardiac Arrest Highest in the Operating Room or Post-anesthesia Care Unit

A University of Michigan study from the “Online First” edition of Anesthesiology found cardiac arrest was associated with improved survival when it occurred in the operating room (O.R.) or post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) compared to other hospital locations.

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Wednesday, April 24, 2013

Anesthesia Type Affects Perioperative Outcomes in Orthopedic Surgery Patients

A study published in the May issue of Anesthesiology discovered that spinal or epidural anesthesia, types of regional anesthesia that numb patients from the abdomen to the toes, were associated with fewer postoperative complications and death than general anesthesia in patients undergoing primary hip or knee replacement.

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Wednesday, March 20, 2013

Anesthesiology Study Reveals Adult Behaviors Influence Children’s Coping in the Recovery Room After Surgery

A study in the April issue of Anesthesiology found adult behaviors influence children’s coping in the recovery room after surgery.

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Wednesday, February 20, 2013

Epidural Analgesia for Postoperative Pain Management Is Key in Enhancing Recovery of Colorectal Surgery Patients

A new study in the March issue of Anesthesiology suggests epidural analgesia (EA) may be a more effective component in the perioperative care of patients undergoing elective open colorectal surgery than the proposed alternative, continuous wound infiltration of local anesthetics (CWI).

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Wednesday, January 23, 2013

February Anesthesiology Studies Address the Relief of Pain in Patients After Breast Cancer Surgery and in Labor

Two studies from the February issue of Anesthesiology address the relief of pain. As pain physicians, anesthesiologists are committed to conducting research to better understand and treat patients suffering from acute and chronic pain.

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Wednesday, December 19, 2012

Is Childbirth Linked to Development of Chronic Pain?

Chronic pain from childbirth is remarkably rare, according to a study from the January issue of Anesthesiology.

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Wednesday, December 19, 2012

Study Finds Genetic Variation That Could Help Predict Mortality in Patients Suffering Sepsis

A study in the January 2013 issue of Anesthesiology offers evidence that variations in what is called the NFκB gene could play an important role in helping to determine the survival rate of patients who acquire sepsis, a condition in which the body is overwhelmed by infection, and which is the leading cause of death in hospitals.

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Wednesday, December 12, 2012

Study Indicates Opiates Already in Body May Encourage Cancer Growth, Certain Medications Could Slow It

A study led by University of Chicago researcher Patrick A. Singleton, Ph.D. and published in the journal Anesthesiology has shown that, even without the addition of further opioids such as morphine, opioids already in the body can enhance the malignant tendencies of human cancer cells.

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Wednesday, November 21, 2012

Study Finds Blood Lactate and Lactate Clearance Important Prognostic Variables for Mortality in Trauma Patients

Early after trauma, changes in blood lactate over time, defined as lactate clearance, provide additional information predicting mortality in trauma patients according to a study from the December issue of Anesthesiology.

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Wednesday, November 21, 2012

Inhaled Nitric Oxide Improves Outcomes in Mice Resuscitated with Stored Blood

Inhaled nitric oxide reduced the adverse effects of transfusing stored blood in mice, according to a study from the December issue of Anesthesiology.

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Wednesday, October 24, 2012

First National Survey of Anesthesiologists Over 50 Identifies Factors That Could Influence Predicted Physician Shortage

A large, first-of-its-kind national survey of older anesthesiologists has gathered important data that could be used by physicians and their employers to prepare for an expected undersupply of anesthesiologists in the near future.

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Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Two Commonly Used Anesthetics Produce Different Metabolic Patterns in Children’s Unconscious Brains

Two commonly used anesthetics produce different metabolic patterns in the brains of unconscious children, according to a study from the November issue of Anesthesiology.

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Wednesday, October 17, 2012

Diabetes Notification System to Improve Perioperative Outcomes

A study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2012™ annual meeting revealed that adding increased glucose monitoring throughout surgical procedures will allow anesthesiologists to optimize the perioperative and surgical care of millions of diabetic patients throughout the world.

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Wednesday, October 17, 2012

Cost Savings, Successful Outcomes, Found in New Anesthesiologist Model of Care

Using a comprehensive preoperative triage system directed by anesthesiologists, a team of researchers at the Ochsner Medical Center in New Orleans has shown marked reductions in patient charges for common medical tests – without sacrificing quality of care and successful outcomes.

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Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Study Finds Rise in Maternal Sepsis-related Mortality

A study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2012 annual meeting  reports that severity and death rates are increasing in pregnant and postpartum women with sepsis. More than 30 percent of mothers who develop sepsis will experience some type of organ dysfunction.

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Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Is Immediate and Long-term Pain After a Motor Vehicle Collision Hereditary?

Two studies presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2012 annual meeting found that hereditary genes were responsible for the amount and type of pain experienced after a motor vehicle collision (MVC).

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Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Fiberoptic Laryngoscopy: Yes, There's an App for That

A study presented during the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2012 annual meeting has shown that an iPhone application called iLarynx™ was so effective at simulating fiberoptic bronchoscopy that when app-trained students eventually used a real bronchoscope on a manikin...

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Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Study Finds Link Between Robotic Prostate Surgery and Increased Eye Injury Over 10-year Period

A study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2012 annual meeting found that during the years 2000-2009, eye injuries during robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) increased nearly 10-fold, from a .07 percent incidence rate to .42 percent.

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Monday, October 15, 2012

Early Exposure to Cigarette Smoke Leads to Greater Risk for Respiratory Disease

Research presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2012 annual meeting revealed cigarette smoke adversely affects the developing human airway, especially in prematurity. Fetuses and premature babies exposed to cigarette smoke are at greater risk for developing childhood respiratory diseases, such as asthma.

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Monday, October 15, 2012

Ethnicity and Language Said to Influence Negative Postoperative Behavioral Change in Children

A study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2012™ annual meeting found children’s negative behavioral change after surgery differs among Spanish- and English-speaking White and Hispanic families.

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Monday, October 15, 2012

Research Reveals Decline in Illicit Drug Abuse; Prescription Drug Abuse on the Rise

Research presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2012 annual meeting showed while there has been an encouraging decline in illicit drug abuse across most major metropolitan areas in recent years, prescription drug abuse is climbing.

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Sunday, October 14, 2012

iPad Helps Duke University Team Keep an Eye on Your Heart

A team of researchers from Duke University speaking at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2012 annual meeting revealed the development of a new 3-D tool that enables trainees in transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to have real-time instruction in obtaining and interpreting high-quality images of the heart and major vessels.

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Saturday, October 13, 2012

'Ancient Dream' of Pain-free Labor for Chinese Women Becoming Reality

A study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2012 annual meeting revealed sometimes dramatic findings from a 10-year initiative called the “No Pain Labor N’ Delivery China Mission.”

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Saturday, October 13, 2012

Botox Injections Proven to Reduce Chronic Neck and Cervical Muscle Pain

A study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2012™ annual meeting revealed Botulinum toxin type A (BOTOX) injections significantly improve pain and quality of life in people with chronic bilateral posterior neck and shoulder myofascial pain syndrome.

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Saturday, October 13, 2012

Study Finds Language Disparities Among Hispanic Women in Labor Impact Epidural Use

A study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY™ 2012 annual meeting found the role of women’s primary language impacts whether or not they receive an epidural for pain relief during labor.

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Wednesday, September 19, 2012

Anesthesiology Study Finds Ultrasounds Effective in Increasing Diagnostic and Therapeutic Accuracy in Critical Care Patients

A study published in the October issue of Anesthesiology analyzed the effectiveness of ultrasound examination in the diagnosis and treatment of critical care patients.

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Wednesday, August 22, 2012

Study Finds Point-of-care Testing Algorithms Effective in Reducing Perioperative Bleeding Complications in Cardiac Surgery Patients

A study from the September issue of Anesthesiology determined that certain blood clotting treatment algorithms helped decrease blood transfusion requirements in cardiac surgery patients and were associated with improved outcomes and hospital cost-savings.

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Wednesday, July 25, 2012

Study Finds Epidural Analgesia Not to Blame for Fever in Laboring Women

A study from the August issue of Anesthesiology provides evidence contrary to prior reports that fever in laboring women is associated with epidural analgesia.

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Wednesday, June 20, 2012

The Contribution of Genetics, Environmental Factors and Demographics to the Side Effects of Opioid Pain Killers

A study in the July issue of Anesthesiology analyzes why some patients are more susceptible to problems caused by opioids, corner stone medications for the treatment of acute and chronic pain.

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Wednesday, June 20, 2012

Anesthesia Type Affects Complications and Mortality after Hip Fracture Surgery

Anesthesia type may affect complications and mortality after hip fracture surgery, according to a new study in the July issue of Anesthesiology.

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Wednesday, May 23, 2012

June Anesthesiology Studies Show Promise for Alpha-2 Agonists to Reduce Opioid Use, Challenge Effectiveness of Simulator Manikins for Airway Training

Two new international studies from the June issue of Anesthesiology show promise for alpha-2 agonists to reduce opioid use and challenge effectiveness of simulator manikins for airway training.

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Wednesday, April 25, 2012

Study Finds Inflammasome Impacts Lung Injury in Patients Who Receive Mechanical Ventilation

A new study in the May issue of Anesthesiology examined the role of one particular receptor in the inflammatory pathway, the NLRP3 inflammasome, and whether it impacts ventilator-induced lung injury.

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Wednesday, March 21, 2012

Study Finds Potential Link Between Morphine-Like Chemicals or Drugs and Breast Cancer

A new study in the April issue of Anesthesiology analyzed inherited (genetic) differences in how the body responds to its own morphine-like chemicals and pain-relieving opioid drugs, and whether they influence breast cancer survival.

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Wednesday, February 22, 2012

Study Finds Older Anesthesiologists Have Higher Rates of Litigation

A Canadian study published in the March issue of Anesthesiology found that there was a higher frequency of litigation and a greater severity of patient injury associated with those litigations when the anesthesiologist was 65 years of age or older.

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Wednesday, February 22, 2012

Study Finds That Brain Structure and Presurgical Cognitive Performance Should Be Considered for Assessing Risks and Treatment for Elderly Surgical Patients

A study published in the March issue of Anesthesiology found that elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), as well as normal elderly undergoing surgery experienced increased levels of brain atrophy beyond what is expected from normal aging.

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Wednesday, January 25, 2012

Large Study Helps to Define Risk Factors for Pregnancy-Related Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, a Leading Cause of Maternal Mortality

A large study published in the February issue of Anesthesiology found that the devastating complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) occurs in approximately 1/15,000 pregnancies, that high-blood pressure disorders are the most common risk factor...

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Wednesday, January 25, 2012

New Study in Anesthesiology Supports Mixed Lipid Emulsion to Reverse Toxicity of Local Anesthetics

A new study in the February issue of Anesthesiology found that the type of lipid emulsion used to reverse toxicity of local anesthetics may make a difference in effectiveness of the reversal.

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Wednesday, December 21, 2011

Largest Study to Date on Blindness After Spine Surgery Identifies 6 Risk Factors, Offers Potential Modifications to Decrease Complications

A study published in the January 2012 issue of Anesthesiology identified six risk factors associated with blindness or partial blindness that can occur after major spine surgery...

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Wednesday, December 21, 2011

Study Finds Great Variance Between Hospitals as to Whether or Not Patients Undergo a Preoperative Medical Consultation

Researchers in Toronto, Canada found that whether a patient received a preoperative medical consultation was not tied to his/her health or the risk of the operation, rather...

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Tuesday, November 29, 2011

December Anesthesiology News Briefs

Two review articles from the December issue of Anesthesiology analyze evidence for the perioperative risks of heart attacks and sepsis after surgery.

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Wednesday, October 26, 2011

Study Finds Single Dose of Erythopoietin Reduces Transfusion Requirements of Anemic Cardiac Surgical Patients, Without Any Side Effects

A study presented in the November 2011 issue of Anesthesiology has discovered that administration of a single intravenous dose of erythropoietin, plus iron supplement, one day before surgery, significantly reduced blood transfusion requirements...

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Tuesday, October 18, 2011

New Assessment Tool Helps Detect Parental Behaviors That Lead to Poor Outcomes in Children Undergoing Surgery

A clinical study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011 highlighted a behavioral assessment tool that may help anesthesia providers identify pre-surgical behaviors in parents and children that lead to maladaptive behaviors in children after surgery.

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Tuesday, October 18, 2011

Recommended Approach to Pain Management After Surgery Not Yet Standard Practice

In a new study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011, researchers from Thomas Jefferson University identified that multimodal analgesia, a combination of pain medication and therapeutic measures to improve pain control...

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Monday, October 17, 2011

Are Older Patients Better Drivers After Surgery?

A study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011 found that older patients drove more safely than their younger counterparts after surgery and anesthesia care at an ambulatory surgery facility.

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Monday, October 17, 2011

Can Blood Type Determine Risk After Heart Surgery?

A new study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011 focused on whether blood type affects survival after heart surgery. Researchers from Duke University Medical Center studied more than 15,000 patients to determine...

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Monday, October 17, 2011

Study Finds Obese Asthmatic Children Experience More Complications with Anesthesia

A study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011 found that obese asthmatic children were nearly two times as likely to have at least one respiratory complication during or after surgery compared to their lean peers.

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Monday, October 17, 2011

Study Finds That, for Obese Children, Less is More When it Comes to General Anesthesia

A study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011 this week found that obese children required much smaller doses of the anesthetic propofol than non-obese children to bring about a safe level of unconsciousness.

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Sunday, October 16, 2011

New Pain Treatment Plan for Women Who Have Cesarean Delivery

A new study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011 investigated whether an increase in pain treatment in patients at high risk for severe pain after surgery reduces these complications after a cesarean delivery.

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Sunday, October 16, 2011

Study Finds That Anesthetics Do Not Cause Postoperative Delirium in the Elderly

A study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011 in Chicago this week offered firm evidence that commonly used inhaled anesthetics such as isoflurane do not increase the incidence of postoperative delirium...

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Sunday, October 16, 2011

Study is One of First to Help Identify Women at Risk for Pain After Repeat Cesarean Delivery

A study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011 in Chicago is perhaps the first to evaluate pain associated with surgical incisions or scars before repeat cesarean (CS) procedures, and the data could lead to improved care...

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Sunday, October 16, 2011

Tailor-Made Epidurals: Study Finds Age, Weight and Length of Labor Can Significantly Affect Pain Care

According to a study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2011 in Chicago, first-time mothers, obese women, and women who have longer labors are at higher risk for pain than other laboring women.

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Thursday, September 29, 2011

Study Finds Cognitive Strategies to Reduce Pain Involve Different Brain Systems

A new study from the October issue of Anesthesiology analyzed whether two of the most commonly applied strategies involve different brain systems.

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Wednesday, September 21, 2011

Study Showed Stimulant Medication Helped ‘Wake Up’ Animals From General Anesthesia

A study published in October’s issue of Anesthesiology found that methylphenidate, a drug used in patients to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, when given to rats while under general anesthesia caused them to awaken faster...

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Wednesday, August 24, 2011

September Anesthesiology News Briefs

A study and editorial published in the September issue of Anesthesiology explore postoperative pain, one of the most common adverse events after surgery.

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Friday, July 29, 2011

August Anesthesiology News Briefs

The August issue of Anesthesiology is now available online and features studies as well as editorials that provide new insights into the use of steroids to treat septic patients as well as lipids...

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Wednesday, June 22, 2011

Development of New Predictive Model to Reduce Postoperative Respiratory Complication

A new study in the July issue of Anesthesiology helped developed a model that could determine which patients are at high risk of developing acute lung injury (ALI).

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Wednesday, June 22, 2011

Is Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Hereditary?

A new study from the July issue of Anesthesiology analyzed whether patients who experience postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) have a genetic predisposition for the side effect.

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Wednesday, June 22, 2011

Time Surrounding Pediatric Surgery Provides Excellent Opportunity to Help Parents Quit Smoking

A study published in the July issue of Anesthesiology has found that parents who smoke are more likely to attempt to quit during the time of their child’s surgery – but that they are not more likely to succeed.

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Wednesday, May 25, 2011

Anesthesiology – June 2011 News Briefs

Research published in the June issue of Anesthesiology analyzes the causes of complications such as stroke and cognitive impairment after surgery.

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Wednesday, April 27, 2011

Study’s Findings About Anesthesia and Young Children Encouraging to Parents

Young children exposed to a brief, single anesthetic did not show any evidence of adverse long-term effects on the brain, according to a new Danish study published in the May issue of Anesthesiology.

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Wednesday, March 23, 2011

B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Levels Predict Outcomes in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Patients

New research in the April issue of Anesthesiology examines whether the hormone plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) helps indicate which patients are at risk of adverse cardiac events after CABG surgery.

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Wednesday, March 23, 2011

Surviving Sepsis May Be in the Genes

New research in the April issue of Anesthesiology shows for the first time a genetic marker in patients who have a greater likelihood of surviving sepsis.

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Wednesday, February 23, 2011

Homicides Using Anesthesia Medications Increase - Examined in Medical Journal

A study published in March’s issue of Anesthesiology examines several homicides involving anesthetic drugs and calls on anesthesiologists to assist in the investigation and prosecution of criminals who divert and kill with these drugs.

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Wednesday, January 26, 2011

Anesthesiology February 2011 News Briefs

Sporting a cleaner, more modern appearance for 2011, the February issue of Anesthesiology features a study evaluating a new way of predicting postoperative risk after cardiac surgery, and also introduces two new sections for 2011.

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Tuesday, January 04, 2011

Study Finds Residents at High Risk of Burnout Early in Career

The January issue of the journal Anesthesiology examines the issue of burnout among anesthesiologists. Two studies provide new information on the prevalence of burnout among these highly trained medical specialists...

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Wednesday, December 22, 2010

Chronic Statin Therapy Associated With Reduced Postoperative Mortality

A new study from France, published in the January 2011 issue of Anesthesiology, is the first to analyze the impact of preoperative chronic statin therapy on postoperative adverse events in surgical patients.

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Wednesday, December 22, 2010

Preoperative Cerebral Oxygen Saturation Could Offer a Simple, Noninvasive Way to Predict Health Risks in Surgical Patients

A study published in the January 2011 issue of Anesthesiology is one of the first to show that low preoperative cerebral oxygen saturation (ScO2) could be an important physiological risk marker for adverse outcome in cardiac surgery patients.

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Wednesday, November 24, 2010

Anesthesiology December 2010 News Briefs

Research published in the December 2010 issue of Anesthesiology describes the development of a predictive index to determine which patients are most at risk to develop postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs).

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Wednesday, November 03, 2010

The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Renews Its Publishing Agreement With Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (LWW)

The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) is pleased to announce that it has renewed its agreement with Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (LWW) to continue publishing Anesthesiology, the official journal of the ASA.

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Tuesday, October 26, 2010

Study Looks at Ways to Prevent Memory Loss Caused by Anesthetics During Recovery From Surgery

A study published in the November 2010 issue of Anesthesiology indicates that this memory loss could be prevented by blocking a receptor thought to contribute to memory deficits.

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Monday, October 25, 2010

New Risk Stratification Index (RSI) Permits Fair Comparison of Outcomes Among Hospitals

Research published in the November issue of Anesthesiology describes development of a new Risk Stratification Index (RSI) that allows important clinical outcomes such as length-of-stay and mortality for surgical patients to be accurately compared...

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Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Anxiety or Genes? New Study Adds Evidence to Search for What Causes Long-Term Pain in Patients Receiving Minor Surgeries

Research presented at this year’s American Society of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting offers new data in the quest to develop tailor-made pain management strategies based upon a patient’s genetic predisposition and other important factors.

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Tuesday, October 19, 2010

One Dose Might Do You: Preoperative Dexamethasone Improves Quality of Life After Surgery

A study presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists 2010 Annual Meeting in San Diego seems to confirm that a single, small dose of the steroid dexamethasone improves the post-surgical quality of life of patients receiving laparoscopic gallbladder surgery.

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Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Study Finds Smokers' Surgical Outcomes Riddled with Severe Complications and Even Death

Results from a clinical study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2010 found that smokers have significantly more complications post-surgery than non-smokers, including a higher death rate.

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Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Study Shows Regional Anesthesia Improved Survival Rate in Patients with Malignant Melanoma

A study presented at this year’s American Society of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting offers evidence that patients with malignant melanoma who undergo inguinal lymph node dissection with spinal anesthesia (a regional anesthetic) have a better prognosis...

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Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Findings Support Preoperative Statin Therapy in Coronary Bypass Patients

Findings from a study presented at this year’s American Society of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting reveal that patients who undergo preoperative statin therapy prior to coronary bypass surgery have a better survival rate.

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Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Postoperative Outcomes After Blood Transfusions in Non-Cardiac Surgery Patients

A study presented at this year’s American Society of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting indicates that massive blood transfusion is associated with a significant increase in perioperative risk for mortality, cardiopulmonary complications, and...

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Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Preoperative Use of Aspirin Significantly Reduces Cardiocerebral and Renal Complications in Cardiac Surgery Patients

A study presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists 2010 Annual Meeting revealed that use of aspirin before cardiac surgery reduced postoperative cardiocerebral complications, including stroke, myocardial ischemia, heart block and cardiac arrest by more than 33 percent...

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Monday, October 18, 2010

Normal Blood Glucose Levels in Diabetics Presenting for Surgery Were Associated with Increased Mortality from Non-Cardiac Surgery as Compared with Non-Diabetics

A clinical study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2010 discovered that diabetics who presented for non-cardiac surgery with near normal blood sugar levels were at increased risk of death, as compared with their non-diabetic counterparts.

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Monday, October 18, 2010

Surgery in Infants and Young Children Heightens Neurodevelopmental Risk

When children undergo anesthesia during surgery, the long-term effects that anesthetics have on the developing brain is relatively unknown.

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Monday, October 18, 2010

This is Your Brain on Anesthesia: Study Sheds Light on How Brain Reacts During Anesthetic Induction and Emergence

A study presented at this year’s Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists strengthens emerging evidence that the act of going under anesthesia and coming out of anesthesia are distinct neurobiological processes.

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Monday, October 18, 2010

Research Shows a Woman's Ethnicity and Genetics Can Impact Labor Progression and Pain

Results from a clinical study presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2010 suggest that a women’s labor experience is tied to her ethnicity as well as genetics.

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Sunday, October 17, 2010

Studies Reveal a Need to Identify and Implement a Screening Procedure for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Prior to Surgery

As Americans get heavier and heavier, the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea increases, and results from two clinical studies presented at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2010 reinforce the need for physicians to screen for the disorder prior to surgery...

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Tuesday, August 24, 2010

Quality of Perioperative Care Has Major Impact on
Long-Term Cardiac Outcome of Orthopedic Surgery Patients

A study published in the October 2010 issue of Anesthesiology is among the first to show that the quality of immediate postoperative care of orthopedic surgery patients has important effects on patients’ long-term cardiac outcomes.

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Monday, July 26, 2010

Study Finds Anesthesia Type May Impact Whether Total Hip or Knee Replacement Patients Contract a Surgical Site

A study appearing in the August 2010 issue of Anesthesiology found that patients receiving a total hip or knee replacement in Taiwan had a higher incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) when general anesthesia was administered for the operation than when...

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Thursday, June 24, 2010

Inhaled Hydrogen Sulfide May Substantially Reduce or Prevent Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury

A study appearing in the July 2010 issue of Anesthesiology is the first to show that inhalation of gaseous hydrogen sulfide can reduce or even prevent lung injury in critical care situations that require mechanical ventilation.

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Friday, June 11, 2010

Genetic Makeup Influences Susceptibility to Severe Sepsis

In the June Anesthesiology researchers take aim at identifying genetic risk factors for sepsis – a leading cause of death for critically ill patients.

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