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May 05 - 07 2014, 12:00 AM - 12:00 AM

2014 ASA Legislative Conference

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FDA MEDWATCH ALERTS

March 28, 2014

FDA Update on the Shortage of Normal Saline

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FDA Update on the Shortage of Normal Saline

March 18, 2014

FDA MedWatch - Merit Medical Systems, Custom Procedural Trays/Kits Containing 1 percent Lidocaine HCl Injection, 10mg/mL: Recall - Particulates Found in Hospira supplied Lidocaine

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Merit Medical Systems Custom Procedural Trays Kits Recall Particulates Found in Hospira Lidocaine

March 18, 2014

McKesson Technologies Anesthesia Care: Recall - Patient Case Data May Not Match Patient Data

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McKesson Technologies Anesthesia Care Recall Patient Case Data May Not Match Patient Data

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Two Commonly Used Anesthetics Produce Different Metabolic Patterns in Children’s Unconscious Brains

Chicago — (October 24, 2012) 

Two commonly used anesthetics produce different metabolic patterns in the brains of unconscious children, according to a study from the November issue of Anesthesiology. Researchers from Stony Brook University, New York, found the inhalant gas anesthetic sevoflurane produced more lactate, a marker for enhanced or changed brain metabolism, compared to the intravenous anesthetic propofol.

While past pediatric literature has reported that sevoflurane may be associated with emergence delirium, a state of consciousness in which a child is inconsolable, irritable or uncooperative, the study explored the potential association between emergence delirium and specific brain metabolites like lactate.

About the Study
Applied proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1HMRS) was used to investigate the metabolic consequences of general anesthesia in the brains of rodents. Findings revealed inhalant gas anesthetic was characterized with higher concentrations of lactate, glutamate and glucose in the brains compared to propofol.

Next, researchers analyzed 59 children, ages 2 to 7 years, who underwent magnetic resonance imaging under anesthesia with either sevoflurane or propofol. 1HMRS scans were acquired in the parietal cortex after approximately 60 minutes of anesthesia. Upon consciousness, children were assessed using the pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium scale.

The research discovered that sevoflurane was associated with higher concentrations of lactate and glucose, compared to children who were anesthetized with propofol. Exploratory analysis of the data showed children who emerged from anesthesia with more agitation and dissociative behavior had the highest levels of brain lactate.

“Higher levels of lactate in the brain could lead to anxiety and/or delirium during emergence from anesthesia and in the immediate post-operative period,” said lead study authors Helene Benveniste, M.D., Ph.D. and Zvi Jacob, M.D. “As an increasingly young patient population continues to have a growing need for general anesthesia, it is important to determine the impact inhalant and intravenous anesthetics have on children.”

While millions of children safely undergo anesthesia without any evidence of harm, the researchers hope the study will provide understanding as to why some children have delirium after anesthesia.

For more information, visit the Anesthesiology website at anesthesiology.org.

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ANESTHESIOLOGISTS

Founded in 1905, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) is an educational, research and scientific society with more than 50,000 members organized to raise and maintain the standards of the medical practice of anesthesiology. ASA is committed to ensuring that physician anesthesiologists evaluate and supervise the medical care of patients before, during, and after surgery to provide the highest quality and safest care that every patient deserves.

For more information on the field of anesthesiology, visit the American Society of Anesthesiologists online at asahq.org. To learn more about the role physician anesthesiologists play in ensuring patient safety, visit asahq.org/WhenSecondsCount. Join the ANESTHESIOLOGYTM 2013 social conversation today. Like ASA on Facebook, follow ASALifeline on Twitter and use the hashtag #ANES2013.

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Contact:

American Society of Anesthesiologists
communications@asahq.org
847-825-5586