PBHI Article

U.K. Patients Watch a Movie During Surgery

Because patients aren’t sedated, they’re completely clear headed when they’re done. They can have a cup of tea in the recovery area.

May 31, 2018
by Sandra Gordon for ASA

In 2012, Richard Griffiths, M.D., FRCA, an anesthesiologist at Peterborough Hospital, a 612-bed acute general hospital that serves the cities of Peterborough and north Cambridgeshire in the United Kingdom, began offering surgical patients the option of regional anesthesia and watching a movie during surgery in lieu of general anesthesia or regional anesthesia with sedation.

“We weren’t the first to do it. A group in Glasgow beat us to it,” Griffiths says. His first patient to try this approach was an elderly woman about to undergo emergency hip fracture surgery. “She chose to watch Dirty Dancing,” Griffiths says. Still, the tactic was so new that the BBC got wind and ran a story on it, interviewing Griffiths from the O.R. Now, Peterborough Hospital offers most patients of all ages the choice of regional anesthesia/movie or general anesthesia for elective and emergency surgery.

“General anesthesia is still a very safe option. I explain that to the patient,” Griffiths says. “The advantages of regional anesthesia are not immense.” Still, “it’s always best to avoid any mood-altering medication because of the risk of acute delirium and cognitive dysfunction down the line,” Griffiths says. Although Griffiths does get people who say, ‘Just put me to sleep,’ the movie option is popular.

Dr. Richard  Griffiths is an anesthesiologist at U.K. Peterborough Hospital

DVDs and Tea

Griffiths would prefer to offer patients Netflix on an iPad so they could watch whatever they wanted, including cricket or football. But the hospital’s Wi-Fi isn’t powerful enough to stream movies.

Instead, surgical patients at Peterborough Hospital watch a movie on a DVD player, which a hospital technician attached to a clamp on a drip stand. “He made me a platform for the DVD,” Griffiths says. The DVD stand is on the other side of the surgical tent, which visually blocks patients from surgery. Patients watch a movie while wearing noise-cancelation headphones. “Some don’t even realize the surgery has gone on,” Griffiths says. He recalls one patient who was so engrossed in her movie choice—the musical South Pacific—she started singing loudly during surgery and didn’t realize it. “She was quite amused when we told her about it later,” Griffiths says.

Generally, Griffiths has noticed that older female patients tend to prefer American films such as 50 Shades of Grey and musicals such as West Side Story. “The guys often choose David Attenborough documentaries, such as The Life of Mammals,” he says. “Attenborough is a naturalist. There’s something about his voice that makes people quite reassured, the calming way he presents things, which adds to the whole process,” Griffiths says. Because patients aren’t sedated, they’re completely clear headed when they’re done. “They can have a cup of tea in the recovery area,” he says.

The DVD system for surgical patients at Peterborough Hospital is attached to a clamp on a drip stand.

Systemwide Support

When Griffiths first proposed offering patients the regional anesthesia/DVD option, the surgical team and the hospital’s leadership supported the idea. “They saw it as something to offer patients that’s just a different way of approaching the problem,” he says. And, from an economic standpoint, it makes sense. “There’s evidence that patients with hip and knee arthroplasty stay in in the hospital less time if they have a regional technique with no sedation. There may be an economic advantage if patients may go home earlier.”

Tune in to these tips

If you’re entertaining offering the movie-watching option, Griffiths offers this advice.

  1. Time it right. “Find out how long your surgeons are taking for each procedure,” Griffiths says. “That’s important because you want it to be the length of a movie, which is typically one and a half hours.” Griffiths notes that when surgery ends before a movie does, some patients ask to finish watching it in the recovery area.
  2. Advertise. “In the U.K., we have ‘joint schools,’ patient education classes on what to expect before and after arthroplasty. We show a DVD on regional anesthesia and the option to watch a movie,” Griffiths says. That way, patients can know to request it.

Overall, the movie option is a hit. “Anecdotally, there’s less delirium,” Griffiths says. “I think it’s because patients are engaged. The DVD takes their minds off what’s happening. It’s a pleasant memory of the surgery.”

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