Panel 2: RADAR Session: Career Pathways for Investigator-Clinician-Educators in Anesthesiology
RADAR Session: Career Pathways for Investigator-Clinician-Educators in Anesthesiology
Moderators: Scott Markowitz, MD, MSOL; Matthew C. Wixson, MD
Dr. Scott Markowitz is a Professor of Anesthesiology and the Vice-Chair for Professional Development and Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. At Washington University, Scott is a member of the Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Senior Leadership Committee and works closely with other leaders on the national initiative, Raising Anesthesiology Diversity and Anti-Racism (RADAR).
Dr. Matthew C. Wixson is a clinical assistant professor in the Department of Anesthesiology. He is the department’s inaugural associate chair for diversity and is spearheading RADAR — Raising Anesthesiology Diversity and Anti-Racism — a national initiative to help anesthesiology departments and training programs elevate diversity, equity, and inclusion. Dr. Wixson also serves as the department’s director of medical student education. He is a 2012 graduate of the University of Michigan Medical School; he also completed a residency in anesthesiology and a fellowship in acute and chronic pain management at U-M.
Dr. Enyo Ablordeppey is an associate professor of Anesthesiology and Emergency Medicine at Washington University School of Medicine. She is the co-director of a surgical intensive care unit and the director of emergency ultrasound research with training in Implementation Science. Her research interests center around understanding the behavioral and systems adaptations required to increase the uptake of evidence into healthcare practices. Currently, she is also using implementation science approach within the field of DEI. She serves as the Associate Vice Chair of DEI within the Department of Anesthesiology and is using qualitative methods to understand the complexities, develop comprehensive strategies, and implement programing and policies that foster a culture of respect and belonging for every member within the department.
Dr. Olubukola Nafiu is an Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Anesthesiology at the Nationwide Children’s Hospital and the Ohio State University. He is the inaugural Executive Section Editor for Health Disparity Research for Anesthesia and Analgesia. Dr. Nafiu’s research interests include the impact of socio-economic determinants of health on surgical outcomes and he has published extensively in this realm. He has comprehensive experience with using large databases to explore clinically relevant perioperative questions.
Panel 1: Embracing Failure and Developing Resiliency
A 6-Minute Masterclass in Resilience, Interpreted
Presenter: Elizabeth Whitlock, MD Presenter Bio: Dr. Elizabeth Whitlock is an Assistant Professor in the University of California, San Francisco Department of Anesthesia & Perioperative Care. A clinical anesthesiologist and epidemiological researcher, Dr. Whitlock’s work centers on understanding the long-term implications of perioperative management on patient-centered cognitive and functional outcomes in older adults. She also mentors colleagues and trainees on research design and methodology for diverse clinical research projects, with an interest in best practices for generating and reporting objective, generalizable, and rigorous studies of secondary data. She has received funding from the Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research Mentored Research Training Grant, the National Institute on Aging’s R03 GEMSSTAR mechanism, and is currently supported by the UCSF KL2 training program.
R = 4T + 5P
Presenter: Dolores Njoku, MD Presenter Bio: Dolores B. Njoku, MD is the Wise Professor and Vice Chair of Anesthesiology, and Chief of Pediatric Anesthesiology in the Department of Anesthesiology at Washington University in St. Louis. She is an adjunct Professor in Pathology and Immunology. Dr. Njoku is an internationally respected translational researcher in immune-mediated liver injury and focuses on mechanisms that initiate immune-mediated liver injury and the role of sex and gender in the severity of this process. She is a member of the Board for the Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research where she serves as Chair of Grants Management, a Full Examiner for the American Board of Anesthesiology where she serves as Vice-Chair of the Standard Oral Exam, and the President-Elect for the Association of University Anesthesiologists.
Panel 1 Q&A
Presenters: Drs. Elizabeth Whitlock and Dolores Njoku Description: Students were able to ask Drs. Whitlock and Njoku questions regarding their presentations and the topic of failure and resiliency.
2021 MSARF Panels and Q&A
Panel 3: Student Loan Informational Session
What You Need to Know About Money and Debt
Presenter: Bonnie Koo, MD Presenter Bio: Bonnie Koo, MD, is certified life coach, physician and founder of Wealthy Mom MD. She is a proud graduate of Barnard College and Columbia University's College of Physicians & Surgeons. Her mission is to help women create wealth and rewrite history. She is the host of the Wealthy Mom MD Podcast and author of Defining Wealth for Women: (n.) Peace, Purpose, and Plenty of Cash! debuting Fall 2021.
NIH Loan Repayment Program
Presenter: Chad Brummett, MD Presenter Bio: Dr. Chad Brummett is a Professor at the University of Michigan where he serves as the Senior Associate Chair for Research. He has more than 200 publications, including articles in top journals such as JAMA, JAMA Surgery, Anesthesiology, and Annals of Surgery. He is the Co-Director of the Michigan Opioid Prescribing Engagement Network (Michigan OPEN), which aims to apply a preventative approach to the opioid epidemic in the US through appropriate prescribing after surgery, dentistry and emergency medicine. In addition, his research interests include predictors of acute and chronic post-surgical pain and failure to derive benefit for interventions for interventions and surgeries primarily performed to treat pain. In particular, Dr. Brummett is interested in the impact of a fibromyalgia-like or centralized pain phenotype on analgesic outcomes. He is the Co-PI of four major NIH grants (two NIH RO1s, a P50, and a UM1) studying these concepts, and also receives funding from the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, SAMHSA and the CDC.
Panel 3 Q&A
Presenters: Bonnie Koo, MD, and Chad Brummett, MD Description: Students were able to ask Drs. Koo and Brummett questions regarding their presentations and the topic of medical student loans.
Panel 2: How to do a Literature Search
Panel 2 - How to do a Literature Search
Presenter: Mark MacEachern Description: Mark is a health sciences informationist at the University of Michigan. In recent years, he has led a flipped course on systematic review searching for others in the profession and co-developed an edX course on Advanced Literature Searching in the Health Sciences.
Panel 2 - Q&A
Presenters: Mark MacEachern and Chad Brummett, MD Description: Students were able to ask Mark MacEachern and Dr. Brummett questions regarding their presentations and the topic of How to do a Literature Search.
Panel 1: Tips for Applying and Matching to Residency
Priorities of Department Chairs in Recruiting Residents
Presenter: Michael Avidan, MBBCh, FCA SA Presenter Bio: Michael Avidan is the Dr. Seymour and Rose T. Brown Professor of Anesthesiology and Head of the Department of Anesthesiology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. He is an accomplished investigator in perioperative outcomes research, including large clinical trials. His major contributions have been in the fields of 1) prevention of intraoperative awareness; 2) postoperative neurologic and mental health outcomes; and 3) tracking health and well-being of surgical patients. His career as an academic anesthesiologist was boosted substantially by a ‘Cerebral Function Monitoring Grant’, which he was awarded by FAER in 2008.
How to Find the Right Residency Program for You
Presenter: Norah Naughton, MD Bio: Dr. Naughton is a Clinical Associate Professor and Senior Associate Chair for Education and Professionalism and Program Director for the Anesthesiology Residency at the University of Michigan. She has directed multiple divisions while at Michigan including Obstetric Anesthesiology, Quality and Safety, and Ambulatory surgery prior to her current role. She brought her passion for education to each of these roles and considers receiving Teacher of the Year award twice from the Anesthesiology residents as one of her greatest honors.
Panel 1 Q&A
Presenters: Michael Avidan, MBBCh, FCA SA, and Norah Naughton, MD Description: Students were able to ask Drs. Avidan and Naughton questions regarding their presentations and the topic of Tips for Applying and Matching to Residency.
2020 MSARF Panels and Q&A
Panel 1: The Future of Research in Anesthesiology
Why Research Matters to the ASA
Presenter: Beverly K. Philip, MD, FACA, FASA Presenter Bio: Beverly K. Philip, MD, FACA, FASA, founding director of the Day Surgery Unit at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and professor of anesthesia at Harvard Medical School in Boston, is president-elect of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA). She was elected for a one-year term in October 2019.
How FAER Makes the Future Happen
Presenter: James C. Eisenach, MD Presenter Bio: Dr. Eisenach is Professor of Anesthesiology at Wake Forest School of Medicine and a long-time researcher in acute and chronic pain biology. Prior to becoming President & CEO of FAER in 2016 he served for a decade as Editor-in-Chief of the journal, Anesthesiology.
Developing the Anesthesia Researchers of the Future
Presenter: Margaret Wood, MB, CHB, FACA, FRCA Presenter Bio: Dr. Margaret Wood received her medical degree from the University of St Andrews, Scotland and came to the United States for fellowship training at Vanderbilt University in 1976...and stayed. In 1995 she was recruited to Columbia university as the EM Papper Professor and Chairman of Anesthesiology. She was the first woman at Columbia to chair a clinical department, a position she held until 2016. During her chairmanship, she founded the Apgar Scholars program, to develop future faculty during residency training. ...and beyond. She was chair of the ACGME residency review committee for anesthesiology, where she had the opportunity to understand academic career development during residency on a national level.
Panel 1: Q&A
Presenters: Beverly K. Philip, MD, FACA, FASA, James C. Eisenach, MD, and Margaret Wood, MB, CHB, FACA, FRCA Description: Students were able to ask Drs. Philip, Wood, and Eisenach questions regarding their presentations and the topic of the Future of Research in Anesthesia.
Panel 2: The Practice of Anesthesiology
Presenter: Katherine W. Arendt, MD Presenter Bio: Dr. Katherine (Katie) Arendt is Professor of Anesthesiology, Division Chair and the Associate Practice Chair for the Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine at Mayo Clinic, Rochester. She completed residency in anesthesiology at Mayo Clinic, Rochester. She then completed an Obstetric Anesthesiology fellowship at the Brigham and Women's Hospital and a Regional Anesthesiology fellowship at Mayo Clinic.
Presenter: Miguel Cobas, MD Presenter Bio: Dr. Cobas is currently Professor, University of Miami’s Lennar School of Medicine and Chief of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Services at Jackson South Medical Center, a multi-specialty hospital and Level II trauma center in Miami-Dade, Florida.
Outside the hospital, Dr. Cobas has been very involved in advocacy for the specialty of Critical Care and education. He is a Board Examiner for the American Board of Anesthesiology and is currently the President of the Society of Critical Care Anesthesiologists (SOCCA), as well as President Elect of the Anesthesiology Section of the Society of Critical Care Medicine.
Presenter: Patrick Tighe, MD, MS Presenter Bio: Patrick Tighe, MD, MS, is an Associate Professor in the Departments of Anesthesiology and Orthopedic Surgery, and an affiliate Associate Professor in the Warrington College of Business Department of Information Systems and Operations Management, at the University of Florida. He is the Donn M. Dennis MD Professor in Anesthetic Innovation. Dr. Tighe’s clinical work focuses on perioperative pain medicine and regional anesthesia. His research interests leverage machine learning techniques on unstructured data to examine disparities and outcomes in perioperative pain and cognition.
Panel 2: Q&A
Presenters: Katherine W. Arendt, MD, Miguel Cobas, MD, and Patrick Tighe, MD, MS Description: Students were able to ask Drs. Arendt, Cobas, and Tighe questions regarding their presentations and the topic of the Practice of Anesthesia.
Panel 3: Paths to a Career in Academic Anesthesiology
Path to a Career in Pain Management and Research
Presenter: Vivianne Tawfik, MD, PhD Presenter Bio: Vivianne Tawfik, MD, PhD is a board-certified Anesthesiologist and Pain Medicine physician who specializes in the treatment of complex chronic pain disorders including chronic post-operative pain, complex regional pain syndrome and peripheral nerve injury.
She obtained her MD and PhD in Neuroscience, with a focus on basic pain mechanisms, at Dartmouth Medical School. She then moved out West to join the Stanford Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative & Pain Medicine as an anesthesiology resident in the Fellowship in Anesthesia Research and Medicine (FARM) program, of which she now serves as the Director. After completion of her subspecialty fellowship training in Pain Medicine, Dr. Tawfik joined the faculty at Stanford and continues to research the immune contribution to persistent pain using clinically-informed basic science while also caring for patients suffering from chronic pain.
Path to a Career in Pediatric Anesthesia and Research
Presenter: Michael C. Montana, MD, PhD Presenter Bio: Mike Montana, MD, PhD is board certified in Anesthesiology and Pediatric Anesthesiology. Originally from the Virginia suburbs of Washington, D.C. He has called St. Louis home since 2004 when he came to Washington University in St. Louis for medical and graduate school. His PhD focused on analgesic drug development. Attempts to develop a new class of medications as analgesics are ongoing based on this work. His current research and clinical practice focus on improving post-surgical pain management in children and adults, specifically through the optimization of existing therapies. His clinical practice is at St. Louis Children’s Hospital.
Path to a Career in Critical Care and Research
Presenter: Brant M. Wagener, MD, PhD Presenter Bio: Brant Wagener, MD, PhD is an Associate Professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. He received his MD and PhD degrees at the University of New Mexico and did Residency and Fellowship at UAB. At UAB, he works in the Surgical ICU, the operating room and his laboratory.
Panel 3: Q&A
Presenters: Michael C. Montana, MD, PhD, Vivianne Tawfik, MD, PhD, and Brant M. Wagener, MD, PhD Description: Students were able to ask Drs. Montana, Tawfik, and Wagener questions regarding their presentations and the topic of Paths to a Career in Academic Anesthesiology.
Panel 4: Health Services, Big Data, and Systematic Reviews/Research in Anesthesiology
Big Data in Anesthesiology
Presenter: Sachin Kheterpal, MD, MBA Presenter Bio: Dr. Kheterpal is Professor of Anesthesiology, Co-Director, Precision Health Initiative at University of Michigan and Associate Dean for Research Information Technology at the University of Michigan Medical School. He received his bachelor’s, medical degree and master’s in business administration from the University of Michigan. Dr. Kheterpal’s career has been focused on the novel use of IT and electronic health records for patient care, quality improvement and research. He is recognized as a national leader in perioperative large dataset clinical research and has published numerous articles, editorials and book chapters regarding intraoperative management and long-term postoperative outcomes. Using innovative techniques to integrate administrative, EHR and registry data across institutions, he leads the Multicenter Perioperative Outcomes Group, a research and quality improvement consortium of more than 50 anesthesiology and surgical departments integrating 11 million patient records.
Health Services Research in Anesthesiology
Presenter: Mark Neuman, MD, MSCE Presenter Bio: Mark D Neuman, MD, MSc is the Horatio C. Wood Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine and Co-Director of the Penn Center for Perioperative Outcomes Research and Transformation. A practicing general anesthesiologist, Mark has been active in research and advocacy focused on improving the outcomes of care for older adults undergoing surgery and anesthesia since 2008.
Quality Research in Anesthesiology
Presenter: Megan Anders, MD Presenter Bio: Dr. Megan Anders is Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and the Associate Chair for Safety and Quality in the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland. She completed residency in anesthesiology at University of North Carolina and critical care fellowship at Vanderbilt University. While on faculty at University of Maryland, Dr. Anders completed a Master’s degree in Epidemiology and Clinical Research with focus in Health Services Research. She directs the Perioperative Data Warehouse at University of Maryland and is interested in advancing the science of quality measurement in anesthesiology.
Panel 4: Q&A
Presenters: Sachin Kheterpal, MD, MBA, Mark Neuman, MD, MSCE, and Megan Anders, MD Description: Students were able to ask Drs. Kheterpal, Neuman, and Anders questions regarding their presentations and the topic of Health Services, Big Data, and Systematic Reviews/Research in Anesthesiology.
Panel 5: Educational Research in Anesthesiology
Research on Residents: Important Questions and Ethical Considerations
Presenter: Julie L. Huffmyer, MD Presenter Bio: Dr. Julie Huffmyer is tenured Associate Professor of Anesthesiology in the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, VA. She completed her residency in anesthesiology at the University of Virginia in 2008 and a combined cardiac anesthesia and liver transplant anesthesia fellowship in 2009. Dr. Huffmyer has served as Anesthesiology Residency Program Director (PD) since 2016 and was the Associate PD for 5 years prior to that time. Her clinical work encompasses anesthesia care for patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery and liver transplantation. Dr. Huffmyer has was recently awarded the FAER-ABA Research in Education Grant to examine the association of Maintenance of Certification in Anesthesiology (MOCA) Minute® questions with clinical performance through use of Anesthesiology Performance Improvement and Reporting Exchange (ASPIRE) metrics.
Medical and Undergraduate Students Improving Patient Handoff Quality
Presenter: Lee Ann Riesenberg, PhD, RN Presenter Bio: Lee Ann Riesenberg, PhD, MS, RN, CMQ, is Professor and Associate Director Education, Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine. Dr. Riesenberg works as a full-time medical educator and conducts medical education and quality and patient safety outcomes research. Her degrees include: Registered Nurse from St. John’s Nursing School, Springfield, MO (1977), a bachelor’s in psychology from Loyola University, Chicago, IL (1988), a Master’s in Health Care Administration from the New School for Social Research, New York, NY (1996), and a Ph.D. in higher education from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (2004). Dr. Riesenberg has worked in medical education for almost 30 years; has received numerous recognition awards for her dedication to medical education and quality improvement in graduate medical education; and has published over 100 articles, book chapters, and abstracts.
Dr. Riesenberg’s current role involves medical education curricular innovations; evaluation methods; faculty development; improving patient safety and quality through Graduate Medical Education; scientific writing and publication; and medical education and outcomes research. Her primary research areas of interest are patient handoffs and transitions of care, systematic reviews of the literature, instructional and evaluation methodologies, and other medical education outcomes.
Panel 5: Q&A
Presenters: Julie L. Huffmyer, MD, and Lee Ann Riesenberg, PhD, RN Description: Students were able to ask Drs. Huffmyer and Riesenberg questions regarding their presentations and the topic of Educational Research in Anesthesiology.
Panel 6: Basic Laboratory Research and Device Design in Anesthesiology
How to Pursue Device Design as an Anesthesiologist
Presenter: Steven J. Barker. MD, PhD, FACA Presenter Bio: Dr. Barker received his B.S. in Physics from Harvey Mudd College in 1967, his PhD in Aeronautical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology in 1972, and his MD from the University of Miami in 1981. He has reached the rank of tenured professor in both engineering (UCLA) and anesthesiology (UC Irvine, University of Arizona). He chaired the Department of Anesthesiology at UC Irvine from 1990 to 1995, and then at the University of Arizona from 1995 to 2013. He has published over 200 scholarly works, including 15 textbook chapters. Dr. Barker has served as president of the national organization of anesthesiology department chairs (AAPD) and of the Society for Technology in Anesthesia (STA), senior oral examiner for the American Board of Anesthesiology, and Section Editor for Technology for the journal Anesthesia and Analgesia.
Sustaining Basic Science Research as a Clinician
Presenter: Boris D. Heifets, MD, PhD Presenter Bio: Dr. Boris Heifets has had a lifelong interest in neuroscience and hopes to apply basic neuroscience insights to the practice of anesthesiology and perioperative medicine. He is currently an assistant professor in the Department of Anesthesiology & Perioperative Medicine at the Stanford School of Medicine. He received his undergraduate degree in neuroscience from Yale University, M.D./Ph.D. degree from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and completed anesthesiology residency and a neuroanesthesiology fellowship at Stanford Hospital. Dr. Heifets' basic and clinical research aims to understand the mechanisms of action for emerging rapid-acting treatments for psychiatric disease, including ketamine, MDMA and psilocybin, and how they might be incorporated into perioperative clinical care to improve patient outcomes. During his time at Stanford he has collaborated extensively with the psychiatry department, publishing animal studies on the neural mechanism of social behavior and MDMA, and a controversial study which described an opioid receptor-dependent mechanism for ketamine’s antidepressant effect. He is currently supported by a K08 award from the National Institute of Mental Health.
Panel 6: Q&A
Presenters: Steven J. Barker. MD, PhD, FACA, and Boris D. Heifets, MD, PhD Description: Students were able to ask Drs. Barker and Heifets questions regarding their presentations and the topic of Basic Laboratory Research and Device Design in Anesthesiology.
Panel 7: Clinical and Translational Research in Anesthesiology
How do You Pick a Question for Translational Research?
Presenter: Judith Hellman, MD Presenter Bio: Judith Hellman, MD, is the William L. Young, MD, Endowed Professor and Vice Chair for Research in the Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care at UCSF. She is a Critical Care Medicine physician-scientist doing basic and translational research on sepsis, injury and inflammatory critical illness. She trained clinically in Internal Medicine, Anesthesiology, and Critical Care Medicine, and then did a post-doctoral research fellowship in sepsis. She was on faculty at Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital from 1997-2008, and joined the faculty at UCSF in 2008. She is the director of the UCSF Anesthesia research training program and program director for the UCSF Anesthesia NIH T32 training grant. Her research program is focused on innate immunity in sepsis and injury, on endothelial inflammatory signaling and endothelial biology in sepsis, and on immune modulation by the endocannabinoid and endovanilloid systems.
Why I Chose This Path and Why I Find It Rewarding
Presenter: Vijay Krishnamoorthy, MD Presenter Bio: Vijay Krishnamoorthy is an Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology at Duke University. Dr. Krishnamoorthy's clinical practice focuses on Critical Care Medicine, and he cares for patients with medical, surgical, traumatic, and neurological critical illness. Dr. Krishnamoorthy is also an epidemiologist whose research focuses on: 1) Multi-organ dysfunction, acute care, and healthcare utilization following traumatic brain injury; 2) Pragmatic health services research in perioperative and critical care medicine; and 3) Comparative effectiveness research using observational methods in perioperative and critical care medicine. Dr. Krishnamoorthy serves as the co-director of Duke Anesthesiology's Critical Care and Perioperative Population Health Research (CAPER) Unit.
Conducting a Systematic Review of the Literature: What is the value?
Presenter: Dan Sessler, MD Presenter Bio: Dr. Sessler attended medical school at Columbia University, and subsequently completed pediatric and anesthesia residencies at the University of California, Los Angeles. He has published a book on therapeutic hypothermia and more than 800 full research papers including two-dozen in the New England Journal of Medicine and Lancet. More than 100 of his papers were accompanied by editorials, and more than a dozen were cover articles for major anesthesia journals. His papers have been cited 40,000 times — making him the world’s most published and cited anesthesiologist (H index 91). He is among the top 0.02% of cited scientists in any field. Dr. Sessler has been a principal or co-investigator on grants totaling more than $60 million. He founded and directs the Outcomes Research Consortium. The Consortium is the world’s largest clinical anesthesia research group and publishes a full paper every 3 days. He is an editor for Anesthesiology and serves as a director for the Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research (FAER). He has given invited lectures at more than 350 institutions. Dr. Sessler’s awards include a Fulbright Fellowship and the American Society of Anesthesiologists Excellence in Research prize.
Panel 7: Q&A
Presenters: Judith Hellman, MD, Vijay Krishnamoorthy, MD, and Dan Sessler, MD Description: Students were able to ask Drs. Hellman, Krishnamoorthy, and Sessler questions regarding their presentations and the topic of Clinical and Translational Research in Anesthesiology.
Panel 8: Scientific Writing and Publication
How to Get Your Research Published
Presenter: Evan D. Kharasch, MD, PhD Presenter Bio: Evan D. Kharasch, MD, PhD is the Merel H. Harmel Professor of Anesthesiology and Vice Chair for Innovation in the Department of Anesthesiology at Duke University, and also the Director of Academic Entrepreneurship in Duke University School of Medicine. He is also the Editor-in-Chief of Anesthesiology, the leading journal in the specialty. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Medicine (Institute of Medicine).
Role of Publication in Training
Presenter: Deborah J. Culley, MD Presenter Bio: Dr. Culley is the Executive Vice Chair in the Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital. She is a NIH funded investigator who studies the molecular effects of surgery and anesthesia and their relationship to adverse outcomes in older surgical patients. She serves as an Executive Editor for the journal Anesthesiology and currently serves as the President of the American Board of Anesthesiology.
Panel 8: Q&A
Presenters: Evan D. Kharasch, MD, PhD, and Deborah J. Culley, MD Description: Students were able to ask Drs. Kharasch and Culley questions regarding their presentations and the topic of Scientific Writing and Publication.