The type of anesthesia you receive to prevent pain during surgery depends on the procedure you’re having. The type of procedure also can affect your considerations for recovery, including your options for managing postsurgical pain.

Back Surgery

Back surgery is rarely a first option but is sometimes necessary. Learn more about the operations, risks, and recovery, including ways to relieve pain in the days and weeks after the surgery.


A biopsy is a medical procedure in which small samples of cells or tissue are removed from the body for examination. Learn why and how biopsies are performed, including options for anesthesia.

Brain Surgery

Brain surgery requires precision and expert monitoring. Learn about the types of brain surgery and the anesthesiologist's role in preparation, operation, and recovery.


Cesarean deliveries for childbirth are common but not always planned. Know why and how C-sections are done, how pain relief is provided, and how to best manage your recovery.


A colonoscopy can be lifesaving. Learn when and why you should undergo the procedure, how to prepare, and how to make the right sedation choices to be sure that you’re safe and comfortable.

Eye Surgery

Eye surgery involves special considerations regarding the use of anesthesia. Learn about surgery types and anesthesia options for conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, and detached retinas.

Heart Surgery

Take some of the worry out of heart surgery by becoming more informed about surgery types, risks, and recovery, as well as the cardiac anesthesiologist’s role in keeping you safe and comfortable.

Hernia Surgery

Hernia repair surgery is common, especially for inguinal hernias. Learn more about the options for surgery, anesthesia, and postoperative pain relief.


One-third of women in the U.S. have had their uterus surgically removed by age 60. Know the factors to consider regarding the type of surgery, anesthesia, and postoperative pain management.

Knee Surgery

Read about the different types of knee surgery, including knee replacement operations, and learn how to manage the pain during recovery.

Outpatient Surgery

You will be better prepared for outpatient surgery if you understand the procedure, your anesthesia options, and the questions you should ask about the facility and physicians.

Upper Endoscopy

Endoscopies are used for many types of examinations, including upper gastrointestinal exams. Learn more about preparation, anesthesia, and post-procedure recovery.