- the presence of differences that may include race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity, nationality, socioeconomic status, language, (dis)ability, age, religious commitment, or political perspective.
Equity - promoting justice, impartiality and fairness within the procedures, processes, and distribution of resources by institutions or systems.
Inclusion - the degree to which diverse individuals are able to participate fully in the decision-making processes and development opportunities within an organization or group.
Anti-Racism - conscious efforts and deliberate actions which are intended to provide equal opportunities for all people regardless of race, ethnicity, or cultural beliefs on both an individual and a systemic level; a goal to counter racial prejudice, systemic racism, and the oppression of specific racial groups
Health Disparities -preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged populations
Medically Underserved Areas -areas or populations designated by the federal Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) as having too few primary care providers, high infant mortality, high poverty or a high elderly population.
Health Professional Shortage Areas -designated by HRSA as having shortages of primary medical care, dental or mental health providers and may be geographic (a county or service area), population (e.g. low income or Medicaid eligible) or facilities (e.g. federally qualified health center or other state or federal prisons)
Implicit/Unconscious Bias - attitudes towards people or associating stereotypes with people without our conscious knowledge
Microaggressions - a statement, action, or incident regarded as an instance of indirect, subtle, or unintentional discrimination against members of a marginalized group
Macroaggressions - large-scale or overt aggression toward those of a certain race, culture, gender, etc
Bystander Intervention - recognizing a potentially harmful situation or interaction and choosing to respond in a way that could positively influence the outcome
Allyship/Ally - efforts by groups of people to advance the interests of marginalized groups, both in society at large and within particular social contexts (e.g. universities or workplaces)
Discrimination - unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex
Prejudice - preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience
Marginalization - discrimination and exclusion of certain groups and communities because of unequal power relationships across economic, political, social and cultural dimensions
URM/URiM - underrepresented minority; underrepresented in medicine
Intersectionality - the interconnected nature of social categorizations such as race, class, and gender as they apply to a given individual or group, regarded as creating overlapping and interdependent systems of discrimination or disadvantage
Gender Binary - a system of gender classification in which all people are categorized as being either male or female
Gender Nonbinary - term to describe any gender identity that does not fit into the gender binary of male and female
Systemic/Structural Racism -mistreatment of people within a social identity group, supported and enforced by society and its institutions, solely based on a person's membership in a social group
Cultural Appropriation - the unacknowledged or inappropriate adoption of the customs, practices, ideas, etc. of one people or society by members of another and typically more dominant people or society
Assimilation - the process whereby individuals or groups of differing ethnic heritage are absorbed into the dominant culture of a society. The process of assimilating involves taking on the traits of the dominant culture to such a degree that the assimilating group becomes socially indistinguishable from other members of the society.
Privilege - a special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group
BIPOC - term that stands for, Black, Indigenous, and people of color (BIPOC)
2SLGBTQIA+ - acronym that encompasses individuals identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex, asexual, two-spirited, and/or ally. Often shortened to LGBT, LGBTQ+ or other variations of the acronym
Lesbian - This term refers to a woman who is sexually and/or emotionally attracted to other women
Gay - This term refers to a man who is sexually and/or emotionally attracted to other men
Bisexual - This term refers to someone who is sexually and/or emotionally attracted to more than one gender. It refers to someone who is attracted to two or more genders out of the many gender identities
Transgender - Transgender is used to describe any person who has a gender identity that is different from the gender that they were assigned at birth
Queer - Queer is often used as an umbrella term referring to anyone who is not straight and not cisgender. Cisgender people are people whose gender identity and expression match the sex they were assigned at birth. Historically the term queer was used as a slur against LGBTQIA people, but in recent years it has been reclaimed by LGBTIQ communities. However, some LGBTIQA people still find the term offensive. Queer is also often used as a broad rejection of labels. In this context, this could be a rejection of any type of label, but most often refers to a rejection of labels for gender and sexual orientation.
Questioning - This term refers to someone who is not sure how they identify. Someone can be questioning their sexual orientation and/or their gender identity
Intersex - This term refers to people who naturally have biological traits, such as hormonal levels or genitalia, that do not match what is typically identified as male or female. There are many different intersex variations. Being intersex is a naturally occurring trait in humans; it is not pathological. Being intersex is not linked to sexual orientation or gender identity; intersex people can have different sexual orientations and gender identities and expressions.
Asexual - Often referred to as “Ace”, this is an umbrella term used for individuals who do not experience, or experience a low level, of sexual desire. This identity can include those who are interested in having romantic relationships, and those who are not. People of different sexual orientations and gender identities can be asexual.
Two-Spirited - refers to a person who identifies as having both a masculine and a feminine spirit, and is used by some Indigenous people to describe their sexual, gender and/or spiritual identity