Ischemic optic neuropathy is the most common form of perioperative visual loss, with highest incidence in cardiac and spinal fusion surgery. To date, potential risk factors have been identified in cardiac surgery by only small, singleinstitution studies.
The American Society of Anesthesiologists is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
The American Society of Anesthesiologists designates this journal-based activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
After successfully completing this activity, the learner will be able to:
Describe ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) risk to patients (1, 3)
Recognize factors associated with increased risk of ION in prone spine surgery (2)
Evaluate the risk of ION in a patient requiring a cardiac procedure (4-6)
ANESTHESIOLOGY Journal CME is intended for anesthesiologists. Researchers and other health care professionals with an interest in anesthesiology may also participate.
Daniel S. Rubin, M.D., Monica M. Matsumoto, B.A., Heather E. Moss, M.D., Ph.D., Charlotte E. Joslin, O.D., Ph.D., Avery Tung, M.D., F.C.C.M., Steven Roth, M.D., F.A.R.V.O., Evan D. Kharasch, M.D., Ph.D., Leslie C. Jameson, M.D., Dan J. Kopacz, M.D., Kari L. Lee, Ginger Clark
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