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Background: Cesarean delivery (CD) is associated with significantly increased risks of anesthesia-related adverse events (ARAEs) and nonanesthetic perioperative morbidity compared with vaginal delivery. Temporal trends in these adverse outcomesremain unknown despite efforts to improve maternal safety. This study examines temporal trends in ARAEs and nonanesthetic perioperative complications in CDs in New York hospitals.
Methods: Data are from the State Inpatient Database for New York, 2003–2012. ARAEs, including minor and major ARAEs, and nonanesthetic perioperative complications were identified through International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes. Statistical significance in time trends was assessed using the Cochran–Armitage test and multivariablelogistic regression.
Results: Of the 785,854 CDs studied, 5,715 (730 per 100,000; 95% CI, 710 to 750) had at least one ARAE and 7,040 had at least one perioperative complication (890 per 100,000; 95% CI, 870 to 920). The overall annual rate of ARAEs decreased from 890 per 100,000 in 2003 to 660 in 2012 (25% decrease; 95% CI, 16 to 34; P < 0.0001). The rate of minor ARAEs decreased 23% (95% CI, 13 to 32) and of major ARAEs decreased 43% (95% CI, 23 to 63). No decrease was observed in the rate of ARAEs for CDs performed under general anesthesia. The rate of nonanesthetic complications increased 47% (95% CI, 31 to 63; P < 0.0001).
Conclusions: Anesthesia-related outcomes in cesarean deliveries appear to have improved significantly across hospitals in New York in the past decade. Perioperative nonanesthetic complications remain a serious healthcare issue.
CME Credit: 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
Required Hardware / Software:Adobe Acrobat Reader, Internet connection. Web browser version must have been released within the last three years.
Activity Release Date:10/20/2015
Activity Expiration Date:10/19/2018
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Learning Objectives:After successfully completing this activity, the learner will be able to do the following:
1. Recognize areas that require increased vigilance to reduce anesthesia risk (2, 3)
2. Evaluate a patient for increased risk of...
2. Evaluate a patient for increased risk of nonanesthetic complications (1, 4, 5)
3. Recognize the relative value to patient care when using an obstetric and anesthetic management protocol. (6)
Faculty & Credentials:
Editor-in-Chief: James C. Eisenach, M.D., receives consulting fees from Aerial BioPharma LLC and Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
CME Editors: Leslie C. Jameson, M.D., receives honoraria from GE Medical International and Masimo Corporation. Dan J. Kopacz, M.D., has an equity position in SoloDex, LLC.
Authors: Jean Guglielminotti, M.D., Ph.D., Cynthia A. Wong, M.D., Ruth Landau, M.D., and Guohua Li, M.D., Dr.P.H., have reported no financial relationships with commercial interests. Authors: Jill M. Mhyre, M.D., and Brian T. Bateman, M.D., M.Sc., have reported no financial relationships with commercial interests.
ASA Staff: Kari L. Lee, Editorial Manager, has reported no financial relationships with commercial interests. Ginger Yarger, Editor, has an equity position in Merck & Co.
Disclosure StatementThe American Society of Anesthesiologists remains strongly committed to providing the best available evidence-based clinical information to participants of this educational activity and requires an open disclosure of any potential conflict of interest identified by our faculty members. It is not the intent of the American Society of Anesthesiologists to eliminate all situations of potential conflict of interest, but rather to enable those who are working with the American Society of Anesthesiologists to recognize situations that may be subject to question by others. All disclosed conflicts of interest are reviewed by the educational activity course director/chair to ensure that such situations are properly evaluated and, if necessary, resolved. The American Society of Anesthesiologists educational standards pertaining to conflict of interest are intended to maintain the professional autonomy of the clinical experts inherent in promoting a balanced presentation of science. Through our review process, all American Society of Anesthesiologists CME activities are ensured of independent, objective, scientifically balanced presentations of information. Disclosure of any or no relationships will be made available for all educational activities.
The information provided at this CME activity is for continuing education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a healthcare provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition.
Core Competencies:Medical knowledge
Target Audience:ANESTHESIOLOGY Journal CME is intended for anesthesiologists. Researchers and other health care professionals with an interest in anesthesiology may also participate.
CME Credit: 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
The American Society of Anesthesiologists is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
The American Society of Anesthesiologists designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
1.00 Non-physician Credit Non-physicians may receive a Certificate of Completion stating that this activity was designated for 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Activity Release Date: 08/18/2015 (All day) Activity Expiration Date: 08/17/2018 (All day)
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